Herbarium of Vascular Plants (KRAM). A ferns and flowering plants’ collection of the Institute of Botany PAS is the largest collection of this type in Poland and one of the most valuable ones in Europe. It is a national collection and it currently includes about 640 100 numbered sheets (state as for end 2017) and there are around 150 000 more waiting for elaboration and incorporation. The mean yearly increase has been about 7000 in the last decade. The origins of the herbarium assemblage date back to 1867 and are connected to the former Museum of the Physiographic Commission of the Polish Academy of Skills, whose botanical collections were transferred to the Institute of Botany PAS. Herbarium of vascular plants includes, besides of those from Poland and adjoined territories, specimens from all over the world, but especially from the European mountains, including the Carpathians, the Balkans and the Alps. The herbarium houses about 1300 types.

IMPORTANT COLLECTIONS: A. Andrzejowski (Ukraine), E. Janczewski (Ribes, flora of Volhynia), B. Kotula (Carpathians, Tyrolean Alps - over 25,000), A. Jasiewicz (Balkan Peninsula, Mexico, China, Carpathians), L. Stuchlik (Cuba), B. Pawłowski (Carpathians, Balkans, types of Alchemilla), T. Wilczyński (about 10,000 from Podolia and Volhynia), A. Ślendziński (Pokutia), J. Mądalski, A. Rehman, W. Szafer, F. Karo, E. Wołoszczak, H. Zapałowicz, A. Żmuda and others. In the KRAM collection there are two historical herbaria held separately: a didactic herbarium of Józef Jundziłł from the former University of Wilno (now Vilnius in Lithuania) from the end of 18th century (containing mostly allegates from the areas of today’s Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, but also several specimens from European collectors, e.g. from the herbarium of J. Gilibert) and an original ethnobotanical collection of Seweryn Udziela from the turn of 19th/20th centuries.

EXCHANGE: The exchange material includes plants from the territory of Poland and selected regions of Eurasia. Over 100 institutions around the world are presently involved into the exchange.

HERBARIUM-RELATED PUBLICATIONS: Flora Poloniae Exsiccata (vascular plants), in years 1969-1983, 8 Centuriae (numbers 1 to 800) Plantae Vasculares Svalbardenses Exsiccatae - 1987; Polish Herbaria - 1990, 1997. Polish exsiccata of vascular plants – 1998.