Studies carried out in the Department of Palaeobotany concern history of flora development and changes of plant cover mainly on the basis of pollen analysis as well as analyses of plant macro-remains such as fossil fruits, seeds, inflorescences, coins, and leaves.

The essential aspects of research carried out in the Department are studies of Mesozoic (Triassic and Jurassic), Tertiary (mainly Neogene) and Quaternary (Pleistocene and Holocene) localities in Poland and in the world. Archaeobotanical research as well as studies of wood and charcoal coming from Pleistocene and Holocene sites are intensively developing. Palynological studies include analysis of sporomorphs (pollen grains and spores) as well as non-pollen palynomorphs, mainly algal microfossils and epiphyllous fungi.Additionally melissopalynological studies of honeys are done.

The Department collects and develops paleobotanical collections, comprising more than 66,000 specimens. The Department also possess rich reference collections of recent pollen grains and spores, leave epidermis of recent and fossil taxa, recent wood, and peat forming plants and peat as well as recent fruits and seeds. The Department is the biggest center of palaeobotanical investigations in Poland and one of the most important such centers in Europe.

It specializes in training in palaeobotany and palynology on several levels.


Study of macroflora from the Triassic and Jurassic localities of  Poland. M. Barbacka-Bóka

Biodiversity of the Triassic-Jurassic flora in Poland and its relations with climate and environmental conditions on the basis of palynological analysis. J. Ziaja

Leaf floras from the coal-bearing tertiary deposits of Bełchatów. G. Worobiec

Plant fossils. Introduction to plant taphonomy. G. Worobiec

Fossil epiphyllous fungi form tertiary of Hungary. G. Worobiec

Palynological analysis of the Neogene deposits, e. g. from Mizerna Nowa borehole as well as from filling deposits from sinkholes in Opole region and from Gray Fossil Site in USA. E. Worobiec

Taxonomical studies of the fossil sporomorphs from the Polish Neogene. E. Worobiec

Fossil micro-remains of green algae from the Cenozoic of central Europe. E. Worobiec, A. Wacnik

History of vegetation and reconstruction of climatic changes in the Quaternary on the basis of palynological studies and the macroscopic fossil flora from Starunia (Ukraine, Eastern Carpathians). R. Stachowicz-Rybka

Environmental and climatic reconstructions based on multidisciplinary research on long pollen sequences from the Lower and Middle Pleistocene of Poland. R. Stachowicz-Rybka

History of cultivated and useful plants on the basis of archaeobotanical research. A. Mueller-Bieniek

Palaeobotanical research of Medieval deposits from Kraków. A. Mueller-Bieniek, A. Wacnik

Archaeobotanical studies of the Neolithic. A. Mueller-Bieniek

Holocene palynological record of the plant cover changes in the Kujawy (central Poland) and Kraków area (southern Poland) D. Nalepka

POLPAL 2004 computer program. D. Nalepka

Impact of prehistoric societies on environment in the Gostynin Lake District area, central Poland. A. Wacnik

Late Vistulian and Holocene history of vegetation of the Great Mazurian Lake District area. Impact of the pre- and early agrarian societies on environment. A. Wacnik, R. Stachowicz-Rybka

Neogene leave flora from Sośnica near Wrocław. G. Worobiec, E. Zastawniak-Birkenmajer

Vegetation history reconstruction on the basis of pollen analysis from Koźmin. K. Korzeń, D. Nalepka

Reconstruction of changes in forest communities based on anthracological analysis of late Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological and natural sites from Poland. M. Moskal-del Hoyo

Key words: pollen analysis, carpological analysis, cuticular analysis, archaeobotany, antracology, fossil makrofloras and mikrofloras, non-pollen palynomorphs, history of vegetation, palaeoenvironment, palaeoclimate, palaeoecology, Holocene, Pleistocene, Neogene, Paleogene, Mesozoic