- The impact of air pollution on the environment;

- Biology and ecology of organisms in areas loaded with heavy metals;

- Restoration of degraded areas;

- The structure and dynamics of forest phytocoenoses


- Studies on the taxonomy, floras, ecology and biogeography of freshwater algae from Poland, other European countries and the USA, Asia, Africa, and Antarctica. The basic biological models of research are communities of algae colonizing sources, streams, rivers, puddles, ponds, lakes and bogs.

- The Department bases essential aspects of its scientific activity on the study of groups such as: Euglenophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Synurophyceae and Chlorophyceae - Chlorococcales using conventional phenotypic testing methods and with the use of modern light and electron microscopes.

- Gathering and preparing of bibliographic collections of Polish flora, elaboration of index of algae from Poland with Latin names and global algal flora iconography. Collections of freshwater algae cultures are developed here as well.


- Taxonomic and chorological research of Basidiomycota - Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina (especially Microbotryales order), Ustilaginomycotina, Ascomycota and Myxomycetes, especially in Europe and Africa.

- Taxonomic and bio-geographic study of arctic-alpine macro fungi in island habitats in the Carpathian Alps and other mountains of Central Europe.

- The study of snow Myxomycetes species diversity in the mountains around the world.

- Biodiversity of black yeast on the rocks and rock monuments

- Contingencies between Ascomycota and Dryas octopetala feeder

- The population study of fungi in extreme environments (high mountains, caves and mines)

- Taxonomy, phylogeny, ecology, chronology and conservation of Agaricomycotina colonizing dead wood in the original forests of the northern and southern hemispheres.

-Corticoid fungi from Poland, - taxonomic diversity, distribution, ecology and conservation, with particular emphasis on biodiversity in protected areas.


- Palynological and macroscopic plant remains from the Mesozoic sediments from Polish areas

- Research of the Neogene leaf floras from Polish areas. Outline of the plant taphonomy.

- Palynological analysis of Neogene sediments from Poland, other European countries and USA. Taxonomy of fossil sporomorphs from Polish Neogene.

- Pale-environmental and pale-climatic reconstructions from the Polish Pleistocene based on the multidisciplinary research on long sequences of sediments

-Quaternary history of vegetation from the south-eastern Ukraine based on the palynological research and macroscopic analysis of the fossil flora from Starunia (Eastern Carpathians).

- The history of natural and anthropogenic changes of vegetation in the Late Glacial and Holocene glaciations of the Vistula in Poland and Slovakia

-Evolution of water reservoirs

- Analysis of the process of shaping the cultural landscape and history of crops and plants utilized in Poland and Europe. Carpological, palynological, xylological and antracological study of the plant material on the archaeological stations of different age.

-Archeobotanical research of the medieval Krakow as a source of information about the life of its inhabitants of those times. 

-Study of the non pollen palynomorphs, among others fossil micro-remains of freshwater algae and fossil growing on leaves fungi from Cenozoic of central Europe, and their utilization in the reconstruction of the pale-environment.

-Meliso-palynological studies of honeys

- The development of POLPAL 2004 computer program


Bio-systematics and chorology of critical or poorly known species of vascular plants:

- Phylogeography and interspecies differentiation of Symphytum and Saxifraga representatives from Central Europe (Mirek Z., E. Cieslak, M. Combik)

- Natural interspecies hybrids within the Calamagrostis Adanson genus (B. Paszko)

- Taxonomy and chorology Agrimonia and Leucoium genus (M. Zarzyka-Ryszka)

- Distribution of selected species of grasses in Poland (Leersia oryzoides - L. Frey, M. Mizianty)

- Chorology of vascular plants in south-eastern Poland (W. Paul)

- Taxonomy and chorology Trapaceae family in the Tertiary of Eurasia (J.J. Wojcicki)

Phylogeography of plants in Eurasia:

- Molecular studies of selected representatives of the Triticeae: analysis of phylogenetic contingencies of (M. Mizianty, L. Frey)

- Genetic diversification and phylogeographical history of the formation of Melica ciliata s.l. taxa’s European ranges (M. Szczepaniak)

- Phylogeographycial analysis of Hordeum murinum L. (W. Bieniek, M. Mizianty)

- Eco-geographical and phylogeographical analysis of the mylonitic phenomenon in the flora of vascular plants of the Tatra Mountains (Mirek Z., W. Bieniek, M. Combik)

- Phylogeography of exothermic species of grass of the Campanula genus in Central Europe: taxonomic affinities, ecological similarities and historical analogies of the range development (W. Paul, E. Cierslak)

-Spatial patterns of genetic diversity of selected species of grasses (Cirsium pannonicum, Inula ensifolia, Linum flavum, L. hirsutum, Serratula lycopifolia) with extrazonal distribution in Poland in the context of the history of colonization (E. Cieslak) 

- Phylogeography of Carlina onopordifolia Besser and other taxa of the Carlina acanthifolia All. (Compositae) complex in Europe (E. Cieslak, M. Szczepaniak)

- Phylogeography of hirculus Saxifraga L. (E. Cieslak, Z. Mirek)

- Chorology, genetic structure and phylogeography of Viola uliginosa Bess. (Paul W.)

- Chorology of rare species: Ranunculus (Batrachium) baudotii (Godr.) Bosch, Campanula cervicaria L., Eleocharis carniolica W.D.J. Koch (Paul W.)

-Altitude vicariance and altitude pseudo-vicariance in the Polish flora - spatial patterns, environmental conditions and phylogeography of selected species (Z. Mirek, W. Bieniek, M. Combik, E. Cieslak)

Polish Flora – vascular plants (new series of Polish Flora iconography):

(Z. Mirek, E. Cieslak, L. Frey, M. Mizianty, L. Musial, B. Paszko, W. Paul, K. Romejko-Hurko, M. Szczepaniak, J. Urbanik, J.J. Wojcicki, M. Zarzyka-Ryszka,)


- Biological basis for determining and forecasting changes in biodiversity of species and ecosystems in Europe (ECOCHANGE project under FP7 EU: Mirek Z., ME Cieslak)

- Atlas of the distribution, spatial patterns and phylogeographical analysis of vascular plant flora of Tatra Mountains (H. Piękoś-Mirkowa, Z. Mirek)


- Matters of biodiversity’s structure and its evolutionary dynamics over time and space. The basic biological models of the research are organisms of the cold ecosystems (alpine and arctic).

- The study of variation and divergence in populations of cold environments’ organisms of disjunctive ranges, in order to reconstruct their bio-geographical history and population genetic processes, among others, in the context of climate changes (impact of historical and future attempts to model the dynamics of changes in the distribution and variability of alpine organisms) based on molecular analysis techniques

-Studies in the field of phylogeography, phylogenetics, evolution and conservation genetics


The research at the Laboratory of Bryology focuses mainly on taxonomy and bio-geography of domestic and exotic bryophytes. It is carried out worldwide and most of it concerns the Antarctic, Sub-Antarctic, South America and tropical Africa.


-Research in the field of taxonomy (including chemotaxonomy and molecular variation), phylogenesis, diversity, chorology and ecology of the selected groups of lichens.

- The dynamics of lichen’s biota, their risks and protection. The most extensive research is carried out in Europe and South America, in addition, to a lesser extent, in North America, Asia and in the Polar Regions. Moreover, the Department conducts a rich and very diverse (in terms of both taxonomic and geographical) herbarium collection (KRAM-L) which is kept up to date with materials that document the research and which are harvested through scientific exchange.